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The Vein & Vascular Institute

The Vein & Vascular Institute is the first and only institute in the state of Arkansas dedicated to identifying, treating, and managing peripheral vascular disease (PVD). PVD, commonly referred to as peripheral artery disease or PAD, is arteriosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries" in the extremities. Often times this hardening of the arteries can decrease blood flow and injure nerves and other tissues. The Vein & Vascular Institute provides a complete complement of interventional and treatment options for patients suffering from PVD. Our specially trained staff can perform simple testing which can lead to diagnosis of this occult disease. 

The Vein & Vascular Institute Provides:

  • Compassionate and knowledgeable staff
  • High-quality patient care
  • Complete angiographic testing
  • Endovascular procedures
  • Carotid artery and abdominal vascular studies
  • Physicians dedicated to detection, treatment and prevention of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Understanding Circulation

With each beat, your heart pumps oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Arteries carry this blood to your organs and muscles. Veins then return the oxygen-poor blood to your heart. This cycle works well when the arteries and veins are healthy. However, if an artery is damaged, blood flow may be slowed or blocked. Consequently, your muscles and tissues don't get all the oxygen they need.

A Narrowed ArteryA Blocked Artery

An artery is a muscular tube. It has a smooth lining and flexible walls that allow blood to pass freely. When active, muscles need more oxygen, requiring increased blood flow. Healthy arteries can adapt to meet this need. PVD begins when the lining of an artery is 

damaged. This is often due to a risk factor such as smoking or diabetes. Plaque then starts to form within the artery wall. At this stage, blood flows normally, so you're not likely to have symptoms. If plaque continues to build up, the space inside the artery narrows. The artery walls become less able to expand. The artery still provides enough blood and oxygen to your muscles during rest. But when you're active, the increased demand for blood can't be met. As a result, your leg may cramp or ache when you walk. An artery can become blocked by plaque or by a blood clot lodged in a narrowed section. When this happens, oxygen can't reach the muscle below the blockage. Then you may feel pain when lying down (rest pain). This type of pain is especially common at night when you're lying flat. In time, the affected tissue can die. This can lead to the loss of a toe or foot. 

Symptoms for PVD include

Often, symptoms affect one limb. If arteriosclerosis is in both limbs, the intensity is usually different in each.

  • Cold extremities
  • Numbness of limbs
  • Lower extremity muscle weakness
  • Hair loss on the legs or armst
  • Tingling or burning sensation
  • Ulcers 
  • Aching pain in feet or toes when Resting
  • Pain in extremities